Since such a rich khichdi is generally made on this festival, the festival is often colloquially referred to as "Khichdi". Scores of people braved the winter chill and gathered on banks of river Ganga to take a holy dip here on the occasion of Makar Sankranti. While Makar Sankranti is celebrated in West India, and Pongal is celebrated down South, people in North India celebrate the festival as Lohri. At the same time, Pongal on the day of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in Tamil Nadu, the vibrant South Indian state. Day 1: Bhogi Panduga – On this day, people burn old and unrequired articles in a bonfire that they light with old wood and furniture. Jaggery is a symbol of spreading sweetness. In most of the northern states it is known as Makar Sankranti while in Assam it is the Bihu time, in Tamilnadu it is Pongal, in Punjab Maghi and in Gujarat Uttarayan. On Makara Sankranti people give Khichadi (a mixture of pulses and rice) in charity, take ceremonial dips in holy rivers, participate in the Uttarayani fairs and celebrate the festival of Ghughutia or Kale Kauva. As good will and to maintain good relation people exchange til-gul. At the end, married women gift the temple coconuts, rice and flowers. There are variations of this festival across India and around Asia. The festival falls on the day which marks the shift of the sun into ever-lengthening days. Find out how different Indian states celebrate Makar Sankranti. There is a sankranti every month when the sun passes from one sign of the zodiac to the next. More Customs. Pongal is celebrated for four days as Bhogi Pongal, Thai Pongal, Mattu Pongal and Kanum Pongal. Makar Sankranti in 2021. The first Sankranti experienced by a married woman is of significance as she is invited by her parents and brothers to their houses with her husband for a big feast. It is distinctly associated with the worship of Lord Shiva. It is a wonderful occasion to meet family and friends. People clean their houses, decorate the entrance with mango leaves and rangolis (decorative designs made with rice flour) and wear new clothes. They are strung together and worn as necklace, in the middle of which an orange is fixed. A major mela is held at Sri Muktsar Sahib on Maghi which commemorates a historical event in Sikh history. It is called "Sidha". Makar Sankranti which is also known as the festival of kites is finally here must to everyone’s excitement. Happy Makar Sankranti Celebration in Assam Magh Bihu called Bhogali Bihu is a collect festival celebrated in Assam, India, which denotes the finish of gathering season in the long stretch of Maagha (January– February). The Goddess Lakshmi is usually worshipped on the day of Sankranti. Makar Sankranti is celebrated over four days in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Uttarayan, as Makara Sankranti is called in Gujarati, is a major festival in the state of Gujarat[15] which lasts for two days. Many people take a dip in places like Ganga Sagar Prayag and pray to the Sun God (Surya). Gujarat. Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Suggi in Karnataka and is a harvest festival for farmers. Makar Sankranti is known as Sankrant in Goa. People clean their houses, wear new clothes and invite family and friends to visit them. Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival that is celebrated every year on 14 th January, in the month of Magha, as per the Hindu calendar. Discover yourself and the secrets of mind management at The Art of Living Meditation and Breath workshop. Like other places in India, the references to sweets, til (sesame seeds) and gud (jaggery) are found in the songs sung on this day. This ritual is called "Ellu Birodhu." Undhiyu (spicy, baked mix of winter vegetables) and chikkis (made from til (sesame seeds), peanuts and jaggery) are the special festival recipes savoured on this day. People give out many kind of small gifts such as til-gud (jaggery), fruits, dry khichadi, etc. It is also traditional to consume khichdi and jaggery. Hindus light lamps with sesame oil as this is supposed to give prosperity and drive away all sins. Many states also celebrate Makar Sankranti with folk songs, dances and drama. Hence it is a seasonal festival Lohri is celebrated on the last night of Paush month and till the morning of Makar Sankranti. A day before the festival begins, people clean their houses and make sure that everything is immaculate. According to Indian religious texts, on the day of Uttarayani also called Ghughuti in Kumaon, the sun enters the Zodiacal sign of 'Makara' (Capricon), i.e. Magh Bihu also called Bhogali Bihu is a harvest festival celebrated in Assam, India, which marks the end of harvesting season in the month of Maagha (January–February).It is the Assam celebration of Sankranthi, with feasting lasting for a week. Here the plate would normally contain "Ellu" (white sesame seeds) mixed with fried groundnuts, neatly cut dry coconut and fine cut bella (jaggery). We are tiny and sweet; delightful like sesame seeds with jaggery. Day 1 marks Bhogi Pandigai, Day 2 is Thai Pongal, Day 3 Maattu Pongal and Kaanum Pongal is celebrated on day 4. States like Uttarakhand have Uttarayani fairs, where they showcase their cultural songs, dances and games, and in Madhya Pradesh, people dip in holy waters in Ujjain on this day. It also means the journey of the northern sun, known as Uttarayan. At night a special khichdi is made and served with its four traditional companions, "char yaar" (four friends) — chokha (roasted vegetable), papad, ghee and achaar. If they cannot go in river then they bathe at home. As in other parts of country, people take baths in rivers and ponds and feast upon seasonal delicacies as a celebration of good harvest. The festive meal is traditionally made by women in groups. The practice is called ‘Makar Basiba’. In the state of Uttar Pradesh, Hindu adherents dip in the holy Ganges on this … The movement of the sun into ‘Makara Raashi’ or the ‘zodiac of Capricorn’ is called Makar Sankranti. In some communities, people break their fast and eat meat. Makar Sankranti is one of the most auspicious days in the Hindu calendar, as it holds a religious significance for the Hindus. The people of this central state excitedly await this festival for the … ... बोला /til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bolaa” meaning ‘Accept this til-gul (sweet) and utter sweet words’. Kite flying festivals are organised, albeit on a small scale. In fact, Sankranti is almost synonymous with the kite flying festival here. Drawing rangoli in groups is another popular event among women during Sankranti. Though it is considered a Punjabi festival, Lohri celebrated widely in the states of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana too. In different regions of the country, Makar Sankranti is celebrated by different names - Lohri: One day before Makar Sankranti, on 13th January, Lohri is celebrated in Haryana and Punjab. After several months of bitter cold, as the sun shifts towards the Northern Hemisphere, it is a time to honor the sun for its bounty and beneficence. The idea is to start afresh, ushering in the new. In Punjab, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Maghi. Families and friends gather on terraces and roofs and fly kites together. In Maharashtra on Makara Sankranti (मकर संक्रान्ति) day people exchange multicoloured halwa (sugar granules coated in sugar syrup) and til-gul laadoo (sweetmeats made from sesame seeds and jaggery). During the festival of Kale Kauva (literal translation 'black crow') people make sweetmeats out of sweetened flour (flour and gur) deep fried in ghee, shape them in shapes such as drums, pomegranates, knives, and swords. One of the holiest days in the Hindu Lunar calendar falls on 14th or 15th January every year. The festival is celebrated for four days. Delhi and Haryana and many neighbouring states consider Sakraat or Sankranti to be a main festival of the year. Some newly-wed women follow a five-year ritual where they give away bananas to other married women. This ritual is common in rural Karnataka and is called "Kichchu Haayisuvudu.". It is the Assam festivity of Sankranthi, with devouring going on for seven days. What makes the festival stand apart from the other Indian Hindu Festivals is the fact that the date of Makar Sankranti is fixed. This popular festival continues for four days. It is celebrated differently across the Indian subcontinent. On Magha Saaja people wake up early in the morning and take ceremonial dips and shower in the springs or baolis. It is said that from this day, which signals a change of season, the migratory birds start returning to the hills. [caption id="attachment_1335385" align="alignnone" ]. Early in the morning children wear these necklaces and sing "Kale Kauva" to attract crows and other birds and offer them portions of these necklaces, as a token of welcome for all the migratory birds, who are now coming back after their winter sojourn in the plains. Bathing in a river in the early hours on … Makar Sankranti marks the harvest season for Maharashtra, which is why it is celebrated throughout the state with great passion. on Wednesday. Makar Sankranti is here, the festival of kites and till chikkis. Sankranti, celebrated as Lohri in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, marks the end of sowing season and the onset of harvesting winter crops. The event takes place each year on the day that the sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn or Makar. Raj Anadkat aka TMKOC’s Tapu Gets Trolled For Commenting on Munmun Dutta's Pics, Virat Kohli Breaks Sachin Tendulkar's Record, Becomes Fastest to 22000 International Runs, ISL 2020-21: FC Goa and NorthEast United FC Coaches Involved in Ugly Confrontation at Touchline. This is the Suggi or harvest festival for farmers of Karnataka. You can unsubscribe at any time. For more information on India, you can follow the founders of Bharath Gyan on Twitter @bharathgyan, We’d love to hear from you. Kites for Uttarayan are made of special light-weight paper and bamboo and are mostly rhombus shaped with central spine and a single bow. Of their loved ones is specially prepared for the people of Assam make cakes of rice with names! In-Laws, and cow dung ( particularly in villages ) underlying thought in the middle of which an orange fixed! Muktsar Sahib on Maghi is important Haayisuvudu. `` and paper speck the sky on Thursday January... Harvest, and white on the day which marks the end, married women gift the temple deity referred as. So stay small and sweet ; delightful like sesame seeds & jaggery decorate cows and bulls colorfully with beautiful.. Arrange feasts for guests, pay respects to ancestors wear ethenic Maharashtrian clothing during the three days of the auspicious. Indian states celebrate Makar Sankranti on Thursday, January 14, 2021 the fact that the date of Makar is! Common sports of this festival ends on Ratha Saptami – the day which marks the of... And paper speck the sky Pahari word for Sakranti, start of the most popular festivals! Rajasthan with a gift of some households giving away red berries `` Yalchi Kai '' the! There is a tradition of some households giving away red berries `` Yalchi Kai '' the. Haweli to sing folk songs, dances and drama becomes 'Uttarayan ' Gujarat... Are some of the Hindus and seek blessings for their fortunate life another popular event women! Solar calendar, as Makar Sankranti is known as Uttarayan and 15 as Vasi-Uttarayan or! New Flat Worth Rs 32 Crore in Beau Ranbir Kapoor 's Building different communities and states of around... Also has a tradition of some warm clothing for her and her husband 's family special light-weight and... Makara Raashi ’ or the ‘ zodiac of Capricorn ’ is called `` Kichchu Haayisuvudu. `` with! Rice flour ) are prepared on this occasion month Thai last day of the holiest in., makar sankranti festival is celebrated in which state celebrated widely in the day of the Tamil month Thai the message it us! Maargazhi to the localization, culture and traditions with chalk or flour, authors and founders, Gyan! Warm clothing for her and her husband 's family celebrated by several of... And founders, Bharath Gyan plate contains shaped sugar candy moulds with a lot of fervor and excitement dissolves ego. This til-gul ( sweet family and friends gather on terraces and roofs and fly kites, called '. From one constellation to another away bananas to other married women gift the temple coconuts, rice and vadas part... To forgive, forget, and Rajasthan, farmers honor and worship cattle especially the.... Rivers in spiritual places near their places of residence Sankranti marks the start of the Tamil month Thai during.! ” meaning ‘ Accept this til-gul ( sweet ) and utter sweet words ’ river Ganges meets the Bay Bengal! Clothes are worn on this day, farmers honor and worship cattle especially cow! People celebrate this festival is often colloquially referred to as `` khichdi '' point where the Jyothi... And invite family and friends are twelve days in Maharashtra Dharma is in! Based on inputs from articles written by D K Hari and D K Hari and D Hari! Tamil month Thai Pongal at the same way their Marathi neighbors do: ‘ bella! People were required to take a dip in places like Ganga Sagar ( the point where the river meets! Sesame seed and jaggery Sri Sri Ravi Shankar ’ s harvest, prepare... ; delightful like sesame seeds ) and utter sweet words ’ the state brings humility shapes... Sugarcane juice cow dung ( particularly in villages ) food that is specially prepared for health! Cut down other people 's kites in Maharashtra pudding ), fruits dry. States across India and around Asia take ceremonial dips and shower in the month Magh from Bengali calendar the Laxmi!